top of page



The Craft rituals approved for use in the British Federation are:

The Lauderdale Ritual

The Verulam Ritual

The Scottish Ritual

The Irish Ritual

The Georges Martin Ritual

The Lauderdale Ritual

The Lauderdale Ritual has evolved from the Dharma Ritual, dating from about 1904. The ritual is unique to Le Droit Humain. It has elaborate ceremonial, uses incense, and incorporates a candle lighting ceremony. It stresses the mystical side of Masonry, which was dear to Annie Besant and includes her specially written Mystic Charges.

The Verulam Ritual

The Verulam Ritual dates back to about 1925. It is a compromise between the very elaborate Lauderdale and the plainer ceremonial of the English and Scottish workings, again with its own traditions, such as the freeing ceremony. It is thought to have been written by Bishop Wedgwood, who was a leading member of the British Federation.


The Scottish Ritual

The Scottish Ritual was introduced by Annie Besant to cater for those joining from all-male obediences.

The Scottish Standard Ritual is one of the oldest in existence and was originally used - and still used today - by the Grand Lodge of Scotland. It is thought to have been worked at the initiation of Robert Burns by Lodge Canongate Kilwinning No. 2 where he was installed as Poet Laureate of the lodge on 1st March 1787 and remained as such until 1796. The working is ceremonially laconic, with unique characteristics of its own, such as the method of ballot. The Scottish Lodge No. 884 was formed in 1927 at the direct request of Annie Besant who was its founding Master.

The Irish Ritual

The Irish Ritual is very different from the other workings used in the British Federation, being 'in the round'. It was introduced in 1950 by a brother brought up in the Irish military lodge tradition but little more is known as the records are lost. It has spread, far and wide, through the travels of the Irish military lodges. Introduced with enthusiasm into the British Federation in the early 1950s, the intermingling of the practical and other-worldliness of Celtic mythology is preserved in the unique quality of the this ritual.

The Georges Martin Ritual

The Georges Martin Ritual is crammed full of symbolism. Its origins are unknown but it has much in common with the earliest Scottish workings. There is no incense used but it is easy to see why Annie Besant thought so much of it that she introduced elements from it into the Lauderdale working. The Magic Flute, Mozart’s famous Masonic opera, gives a flavour of the approach of this working which has considerable appeal, whilst also offering much to those of humanitarian principles. This working is commonly used throughout most of our Order in other countries, notably in France, but also very similar versions are in use by other Grand Lodges.


There are different rituals of the allied degrees worked in the British Federation. Some of these belong to the York Rite, others are gathered from chivalric rites.


Royal Ark Mariner

Holy Royal Arch of Jerusalem

Knights Templar

Royal Order of Scotland

These degrees, including those of the York Rite, are quite distinct from the Antient and Accepted Scottish Rite. These degrees, although they may in some ways be considered an adjunct to the main Scottish rite, have enormous value in their own right.

As you might suspect from their names, the York Rite and chivalric Orders are British in origin, although several are practised now in more than ten Federations within our Order.

The naming convention derives from the time when the male Craft in this country comprised two rival orders, each claiming to have the true Masonic teachings. Thus, there are some areas of overlap with aspects of the Antient & Accepted Scottish Rite. However, the main content of these degrees might be considered quite unique and will add considerably to the insights afforded by the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, particularly in understanding the origins of Freemasonry.

The Mark

There are currently two Mark workings in our Federation. The English, or Keystone working is more dramatic and visual than the Sydney working which tends to be more subjective in approach and may suit those of a more reflective disposition.

Royal Ark Mariner

Although each degree has its own symbolism and specific teaching, it would be fair to say that the Royal Ark Mariner Degree is perhaps the most unusual of all Masonic Degrees. Very little is known about the history and antecedents of this fascinating Degree, but it was probably developed some time in the 18th century. In these days the Lodge was referred to as ‘a vessel’.


Holy Royal Arch

There are three workings of the degree currently practised in the British Federation. The Sydney Working came into being in 1925 and is not based on a documentary historical past; it was created by a member living at the time in Sydney and he claimed that it was communicated to him. The Sydney Ritual is based on Hindu philosophy and anyone familiar with books such as Veda or Bhagavad Gita, would feel very much at home with it.

The English Working will be familiar to English male Masons.

The Knights Templar Degree – The Great Priory

The Knights Templar ceremonies are composed of two separate parts: rituals separated in 1974 following a decision of United Grand Lodge whose practice is followed. These parts are:

The Order of the Temple – and DrillThe Ancient and Masonic Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes and Malta.

The whole of the degree is worked under the aegis of 'The Great Priory' of the 'United Religious, Military and Masonic Orders of the Temple, and of St. John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes and Malta, of England and Wales and its provinces overseas.' This rather cumbersome title reflects the troubled history of the Templars and the subsequent rift that gave rise to the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.

Royal Order of Scotland

This focuses on early Celtic themes.


International Order of Freemasonry for Men and Women
Le Droit Humain - British Federation

'Seeing in a different light'

bottom of page